The Top 4 Ways to Hone Your Writing

Author Dale E. LehmanGuest Post
by Dale E. Lehman

Are you satisfied with your writing? If so, something’s wrong. After all, who writes to perfection? If our writing is to grow, we must constantly hone our craft. In what follows, I’ll share four secrets essential to improvement; key practices I’ve learned through decades of experience.

Let’s begin with that tired cliché about writing being a solitary business. If you’re like me, you spent years writing privately and sharing with nobody. You liked what you wrote. Sometimes you amazed yourself with a character or a turn of phrase or even an entire story. Sure. It’s easy to amaze ourselves. Amazing others? Not so much.

So lesson number one, learned through years of drowning in red ink spilled by my wife’s editorial pen, is this: you can’t gauge the quality of your writing until you let others see it. You just can’t. Nor can you much improve without feedback. But be careful. You want honest feedback. A friend or family member might give an honest critique, but often those closest to you will fear offending you. If so, seek input elsewhere, such as through a writing group.

Speaking of offense, start growing a thick skin right now. However much criticism hurts, you must give it a fair hearing. Treat all comments as fodder for growth, but remember that not all comments are equal, because everyone brings a unique perspective to your work. If Jane hates your story, is it your story, or is it Jane? Listen to groups of people rather than one person. One reviewer said my second novel True Death was confusing, with too many point of view changes and flashbacks. I took that comment seriously, but asked a few others about it. Nobody else said it was a problem. I surmise the guy who complained had the problem, not my story structure. Nevertheless, I’m taking a bit more care with point-of-view changes these days.

Lesson number two: you don’t know everything about writing. Educate yourself. Finding study material and advice is far easier today than when I started out. We have this Internet thing now, featuring sites like Indies Unlimited (how about that?). Still, don’t overlook traditional venues, such as books and periodicals aimed at writers. When I became serious about learning the craft, I turned to Writer’s Digest. It helped me more than I can say. However, beware of misinformation, particularly when using online resources. Now that anyone can post advice on anything, everyone does, even though not everyone knows whereof they speak. Compare, contrast, and cogitate on what you read.

Armed with tons of books and articles on writing, are you ready to roll? Nope. Lesson number three: read. Read great writers and good writers, mediocre writers and bad writers. Absorb it. Ask yourself what makes this work great and that one a flop. Don’t only read the kind of writing you do. Read fiction and nonfiction and get outside of your own genre from time to time. I’d say read poetry, too, but that would be hypocrisy, as I don’t. It always trips me up. But what do I know? Read poetry, too.

Some writers say they don’t read too much because they’re afraid of turning copycat. This is a real concern. I’ve fallen into that trap myself from time to time. But the way to avoid it is not to avoid reading; it’s to be aware of the danger so you can catch yourself should you begin to skid down that slope. You can’t become much of a writer unless you’re a reader, too.

Finally the fourth lesson, and it’s a hard one: bring a critical eye to your own writing. This is where you apply everything you’ve learned from feedback, education, and reading. Do not assume that the greatness you see in your writing will be evident to anyone else. Deliberately look for weaknesses in your work, such as telling rather than showing, overused words, poor transitions, structural failures, indistinguishable characters, exposition disguised as dialogue, and more. Ask yourself how a paragraph or scene or story could be improved. Ray Bradbury said that he and his wife worked each story over and over until they couldn’t change one more word. Only then would he be ready to submit. We should all be so picky.

Honing your craft is neither quick nor easy, but by getting outside of yourself as described above and bringing the lessons learned back home to your writing space, you can make a start.  My last morsel of advice is this: never stop. I stopped for ten years, then spent five years clawing my way back to where I left off. Keep learning. Keep practicing. Keep writing.

Dale E. Lehman has published two novels in his Howard County mystery series and has a third on the way. A software developer and amateur astronomer, his writing has also appeared in Sky & Telescope. You can learn more about Dale on his website and his Author Central page.

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21 thoughts on “The Top 4 Ways to Hone Your Writing”

    1. You’re quite welcome, Yvonne. You can find concrete suggestions for giving critiques online. It might be helpful to gather some of those suggestions for your group’s consideration. I always like to start with a positive note. Every story has something good in it. It helps authors to hear what’s good about their stories, and signals that the critiquer is trying to help them and not just being negative.

  1. Excellent post, Dale. I am always amazed when I talk with writers who don’t read, not even their own genre. Reading is the second most important thing, after writing, of course. We need to see what works, what doesn’t, and why. We can learn so much from other writers: what to do and what not to do. Writing is an ever-evolving process, and we can always improve.

    1. Thank you, Melissa. You’re exactly right, and I’m always surprised myself when I hear that kind of comment. My wife tells me I need to read more classics, and I probably do. My problem is time, not desire. I don’t read incredibly fast, and there are always so many other things on my plate. But at least I read something now and again!

    1. My pleasure, Frank. My latest post on my author blog ( deals with this from a somewhat more philosophical viewpoint. I talk more about my experience there, including the number of novels I’ve written to get to my current level of writing (which I hope is somewhat good by now!).

  2. Thanks for reminding me of all this and giving me a push to get back to writing. After several months of dealing with one stressful event after another, I’m eager to get back to my work in progress.

  3. Good stuff, Dale. as an editor and reviewer, I’m reading all the time, and I learn a lot about writing from my own comments about other people’s work 🙂
    You covered the “how” of improving your writing, but I’d like to add something on the “why” side of it: pride in your own product. “Good enough” is not; it’s not good writing and you haven’t put enough into it.
    Your pride in being a polished professional is a key factor in your writing career. If you don’t have that, no matter how talented you are, you’re going to stay an amateur.

    1. Thank you, Gordon, and you’re exactly right, so thank you also for that addendum. As I mentioned in my blog post, Ray Bradbury said that he and his wife worked and reworked every story he wrote until they couldn’t change one more word, and only then was he ready to submit. We can definitely learn from that.

  4. Good article. I published my first two novels without seeking any opinion other than my own, which was a mistake. I’ve been lucky in that I have received generally favourable reviews for the books, and the negative reviews are more of the ‘I didn’t like the book’ variety rather than the ‘there are problems with the book’ sort, but I do regret not having other eyes on the books before releasing them.
    My two most recent novels did go to beta readers/critique group and the decision to do so was right as they picked up areas that were a little weak, or which needed expansion/altering. I even discovered that something I wrote was completely wrong (UK children now have to stay in education until 18, rather than 16, which I was utterly unaware of).

    I heartily agree with the need to read if you want to write as well. My reading speed has slowed as I become more involved in being a writer, but I still read as quickly and as extensively as I can, in many genres, including the classics, though less of them because they can be a hard read. Reading helps to work out what styles are popular, what people like to read, and what they don’t.

  5. Great advice, Dale! Like you, I quit for 10 years after losing a contract with a major publisher, and it took me four years and many workshops and beta readers to get back to the level where I was when I stopped. And I second your advice on the importance of reading, and reading like a writer, identifying what works and doesn’t work with each book.

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